Clinical research is about finding out new knowledge that could lead to changes in treatments, policies or care. There are many different types of research – from studies in a scientific laboratory to those that observe and examine people with different conditions or develop new treatments. Research might be concerned with preventing disease and promoting good health or finding out people’s experience of different services and support in the community.
The people who carry out research will be doctors, healthcare professionals, psychologists, sociologists or researchers, working in a University or other health or social care organisation. In most research teams there will be service users, carers, patients or members of the public involved.
We need research to provide evidence that something works. It is equally important to show that something is not effective or does not work in the way we thought it should.
Health and social care research can help us to:
In this short video, Professor Rebecca Fitzgerald from the University of Cambridge talks about the cytosponge which could potentially revolutionise the diagnosis and management of pre-malignant and malignant cancers of the oesophagus.